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Medellín Metro News 88

Published in Medellín Metro News Written by October 09 2017 0

A new report from the World Bank finds that Medellin is fourth-best among Colombia’s 32 departmental-capital cities in four key business categories: relative ease in starting a business, getting construction permits, registering properties and ease of paying taxes.

According to the Doing Business in Colombia report (see: http://www.doingbusiness.org/~/media/WBG/DoingBusiness/Documents/Subnational-Reports/DB17Sub-Colombia.pdf), Manizales took the top spot for ease of doing business, followed by Pereira, Bogota and Medellin.

“In general, the smaller the city, the greater the number of permits required, partly because regulatory reforms still haven’t reached all [Colombia] cities,” according to the report.

“Between 2013 and 2016, all cities except Ibagué and Santa Marta advanced toward meeting global best-practices standards, with Valledupar, Cúcuta, Leticia and Pereira making the most progress. Among those four cities, Valledupar was the city that made the most progress, realizing reforms in the three of the four categories.”

On a scale of 0 (worst) to 100 (best) for best-practices, Medellin scored 85.67 for opening a new business. However, Medellin came-in at only 68.26 for registering a property; 67.23 for getting construction permits; and 61.05 for ease of paying taxes (see chart, above).

Starting a Business

To analyze this factor, the report “registers all formalities required officially, or which are needed in practice, for an employer to be able to open and formally operate an industrial or commercial enterprise. In addition, the time and cost associated with completing the procedures and capital requirements are considered.”

Paying Taxes

To analyze this factor, the report “records the taxes and contributions that a medium-sized company must pay in its second year of activity. The number of payments, the method and the frequency of payment, the time associated with the preparation and filing of the tax returns and the total tax rate (proportion of taxes and contributions on the commercial benefit of the company) are considered. It also evaluates post-tax return processes such as tax refunds and audits.”

Property Registration

To analyze this factor, the report “records all the procedures required for a company to transfer title to a property to another purchasing company and [how] it can use the property to expand its business, [use it] as collateral for new loans or, if necessary, to sell it. The quality of the land management system is also evaluated.”

Obtaining Building Permits

For this factor, the report “records all the procedures, time and cost necessary for a company in the construction sector to complete the construction of a warehouse on the outskirts of the city.”

 

Published in Medellín Metro News Written by September 27 2017 0

Colombia’s national infrastructure agency (Agencia Nacional de Infraestructura, ANI) announced September 26 that two big investment banks based in Britain and Canada inked deals to help finance the “Pacifico 2” fourth generation (4G) highway project in Antioquia.

According to ANI, Britain-based ING Capital LLC and Canada-based CDPW Revenue Fixe (the Quebec provincial Pension Fund) are joining the list of investors in Pacifico 2.

Reacting to the announcement, Colombia’s Transport Minister Germán Cardona said that the foreign-investor decisions “show the enormous confidence that national and international banks have in financing these proejcts, and that the [project] concessionaires are doing things correctly.”

ANI president Dimitri Zaninovich added that the latest agreement “is going to permit, for the first time, the entry of institutional investors to finance big infrastructure projects. In this case we have the Quebec Pension Fund and ING from the United Kingdom that are investing more than COP$100 billion [US$34 million] in Pacífico 2.” 

Other financiers involved in Pacifico 2 include Banco de Crédito del Perú (US$50 million), Itaú Unibanco S.A. New York Branch (US$50 million) and Banco Santander S.A. (US$35 million), according to ANI

“In addition to these US$250 million investments, there is financing in Colombian pesos with the Banco de Bogotá and Banco Davivienda for COP$510 billion [US$173 million],” according to ANI.

The total project requires more than COP$1.3 trillion (US$442 million) investment, the agency added.

“Pacífico 2” includes 96.5 kilometers of roadway connecting Bolombolo southward alongside the Cauca River to La Pintada and also northward to the southern Medellin suburb of Primavera.

Of those 96.5 kilometers, 37 will be four-lane, divided highway; three kilometers will be two-lane divided highway, 2.5 kilometers of tunnels, 48 bridges and 54 kilometers of rehabilitated roadway.

“This project will improve transport for passengers and cargo from Medellin and Antioquia toward the Coffee Region and the southwest of the country,” according to ANI.

Project concessionaire La Pintada S.A.S. includes Grupo Odinsa (78.85%) and Construcciones El Cóndor (21.15%).

Published in Medellín Metro News Written by September 15 2017 0

Medellin-based highway concessionaire Devimar announced September 13 that it has obtained two vital environmental licenses that pave the way for construction of the “Autopista al Mar-1” divided highway linking Medellin westward toward current and future Atlantic ports.

The project also will include construction of a second tunnel parallel to the existing “Tunel del Occidente” (West Tunnel) on the western Medellin boundary.

“This milestone allows us to continue with the construction stage of the second road between the West Tunnel to San Jerónimo, and from San Jerónimo to Santa Fe de Antioquia,” according to Devimar.

“The commitments stipulated in the license include compliance with rehabilitation, reforestation and conservation activities. These interventions will seek to mitigate and compensate for possible environmental impacts.”

The new permits issued by Colombia’s national environmental licensing authority (ANLA) “are a great step forward for the development of the project,” according to Devimar.

“Our compensation plans are designed so that our intervention in the development of the project is positive, and in this way we can protect the animal and plant life that coexists with the Autopista al Mar-1 project,” said Devimar manager Jesus Rodriguez Robles.

Projects to be developed include ecological rehabilitation, reforestation of more than 800 hectares of natural forest, and secondary vegetation, according to the company.

“Likewise, in the matter of care and protection of water, we will act to conserve the Cauca River and the Cauca and Aurra river basins with priority in the sub-basins that have been identified as aqueduct suppliers,” according to the company.

The “Mar 1” project includes:

1. Improvement of the existing roadway and the construction of a second road in the Medellín section (Aburrá - Cauca road connection) and then onward to Santa Fe de Antioquia.
2. Construction of a second, parallel, 4.6-kilometers-long West Tunnel, “which will solve traffic problems at the entrance to Medellín.”
3. Rehabilitation of the existing road between Santa Fe de Antioquia and the village of Peñalisa (municipality of Salgar), including improvements to the Peñalisa bridge over the San Juan river.
4. Rehabilitation of 25 kilometers and operation and maintenance of the 62-kilometers-long road between Santa Fe de Antioquia and Cañasgordas.

The project will improve highway traffic movements between Medellín, Ebéjico, San Jerónimo, Sopetrán, Santa Fe de Antioquia, Buriticá, Giraldo, Cañasgordas, Anzá, Concordia, Betulia, Salgar and Venecia.

Published in Medellín Metro News Written by July 07 2017 0

Medellin-based multinational utilities giant EPM announced July 7 that its 2.4-gigawatt “Hidroituango” hydroelectric plant project in Antioquia is now 70% complete – with an initial 300-megawatts (MW) of electric output scheduled to start at end-2018.

 The US$5.5 billion project – Colombia’s biggest-ever hydroelectric plant and its largest-single infrastructure project – is jointly owned by EPM and the departmental government of Antioquia.

Beyond the initial 300-MW generator, another seven turbine generators will be installed in stages between 2019 and 2021, when the plant reaches full capacity.

A 225-meters-high dam on the Rio Cauca is already 62% complete, while the underground area that houses the mechanical and transformer sections is now fully excavated, according to EPM.

“With EPM engineers and operatives, satisfactory progress has been made in the assembly of the hydromechanical and electromechanical equipment of what will be the new generation plant,” EPM general manager Jorge Londoño de la Cuesta said. “The construction of the main works is progressing in compliance with the schedule and with the commitment to deliver the first 300-MW to the country by the end of 2018.”

The Ituango hydroelectric project currently employs 11,247 – most from Antioquia, and only 24 foreigners, according to EPM.

Published in Medellín Metro News Written by June 26 2017 0

Antioquia’s disaster-recovery agency -- Departamento Administrativo para la Prevención, Atención y Recuperación de Desastres (DAPARD) – announced June 29 that the bodies of the last two persons missing from a boating disaster at Guatape lake have now been recovered by divers.

A total of nine passengers died in the June 25 sinking of the "El Almirante" tour boat. The bodies of Aura Estella Barragán Argumedo and Erika Quinchía were recovered by divers on June 28, according to DAPARD, while the bodies of seven others previously recovered were Martha Nora Gómez, María Hilda Idárraga, Edilma Barragán, Valentina Jaramillo, Lupe del Socorro Cantor Rodríguez, John Jairo Palacio Restrepo and Daniel Mora Ortiz, according to DAPARD.

"El Almirante" went down in Guatape lake with more than 150 passengers aboard, around 2:30 p.m. June 25. Most were rescued by nearby boats that witnessed the sinking. None of the passengers were wearing life-jackets.

A dramatic film of the sinking is available at this web site: http://www.semana.com/nacion/articulo/barco-que-se-hundio-en-guatape-ya-se-habia-accidentado/530006 .

“El Almirante” had suffered two other recent sinkings, but had avoided losses of life in those earlier incidents, according to numerous local press reports.

According to one report from Medellin-based daily newspaper El Colombiano, 13 other tour boats with three or four stacked decks -- similar to “El Almirante” -- are operated by Asobarcos at Guatape. Colombian law requires such tour boats to carry life-jackets and give them to passengers, the report pointed out. All the Asobarcos boats have now been suspended from operations pending further investigations by authorities.

Guatape -- just two-hours' drive from Medellin -- is a popular weekend destination for boat trips, for browsing the food-and-trinkets kiosks along the Malecon (waterfront), and for strolling through the picturesque town with its characteristic "zocalo" sculptures that adorn most of the houses. 

Published in Medellín Metro News Written by June 15 2017 0

In a June 7 forum organized by Agencia de Cooperación e Inversión de Medellín y el Área Metropolitana (ACI Medellin), ACI director Sergio Escobar revealed that Medellin and its metro area so far have attracted US$1.63 billion in private foreign direct investment (FDI) over the 15-years of ACI’s existence.

 At the forum, Ambassadors to Colombia from France, Italy, Israel, Brazil and Peru as well as trade-and-commerce representatives from the U.S., UK, Japan, Spain and Canada along with private investors from 24 nations heard presentations from Medellin Mayor Federico Gutierrez and other leading trade-and-investment experts.

Last year alone, Medellin attracted US$211.6 million in FDI along with another US$5.8 million in cooperative grants or loans aimed at promoting economic development, education, health and environmental protection, according to ACI’s Escobar.

The U.S. is the number-one investor in Colombia, followed by the UK and Spain, Procolombia president Felipe Jaramillo added in a separate presentation here.

While a pending “peace” deal with the narco-terrorist FARC organization seems to be making progress, Colombia also would benefit from joining the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Jaramillo said. So far, 21 of the 23 committees overseeing Colombia’s application for OECD membership have given their nods, with the remaining two likely to give the final stamps-of-approval in the next few months, he added.

On a related front, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) released a report June 7 showing that Colombia was the only major country in Latin America that achieved an actual increase in FDI in 2016 -- hitting US$14 billion -- whereas FDI in Brazil, Mexico, Chile and Peru and Venezuela actually saw FDI shrink.

“We were considered a ‘closed’ city 15 years ago,” ACI’s Escobar said in his presentation here. However, thanks to Medellin’s remarkable turnaround in reducing crime, a growing reputation for social innovation, plus aggressive recruiting efforts by ACI, Medellin’s political and business leaders, and the Procolombia trade-and-investment agency, the picture has dramatically improved.

“We were the most violent city in the world in 1991,” Mayor Gutierrez pointed out in his presentation. “We had to reinvent ourselves.”

Medellin’s murder rate per 100,000 residents hit an astronomical 370 in 1991. But since then, aggressive measures in social investment, crime control, infrastructure development and economic investment have helped to bring the murder rate down to 18.9 per 100,000, well-below scores of other major global cities, he showed.

One of Medellin’s most popular landmarks for “narco-tourism” – the long-abandoned Edificio Monaco developed by the late drug lord Pablo Escobar – will be demolished and replaced by a park honoring victims of narco-terrorism, Gutierrez announced here to loud applause.

Meanwhile, Medellin’s public-school educational system continues to improve, with 88% of those schools improving their test-of-knowledge (“saber”) scores last year, he said.

In addition, local business leaders are communicating to school and government leaders here on their specific needs for skill development for tomorrow’s jobs, he said. As a result, Medellin will be offering more than 10,000 special scholarship grants for these growing, high-demand careers, he said.

Of the more-than 92,000 commercial companies in Medellin today, 19% of these companies are industrial, Gutierrez said. In total, of the more-than 1 million jobs in Medellin, about 190,000 are industrial jobs, he added.

Medellin and Antioquia’s well-known reputation for business “push” and work-ethic were among key factors for Renault’s decision to build its automotive assembly plant in the neighboring suburb of Envigado some 50 years ago, Renault-Colombia government relations director Pablo Urrego added here.

With more than 50 years experience building cars here, Renault since has risen to become Colombia’s biggest vehicle exporter, accounting for 40% of total output, Urrego said.

The “paisas” (the people of Antioquia) “have an enormous capacity for innovation,” he said. “You can see it here, not just in business but in social projects. There is civic pride here in institutions and in companies. We have strong institutional support -- and very low turnover [in employees].

“But infrastructures [especially highway, rail and ports] haven’t grown as fast as the business” -- with the result that freight transport in Colombia and Antioquia is too expensive. In addition, “the absence of a national industrial policy complicates our investment outlook,” Urrego cautioned.

Similarly, France-based cosmetics and food-additives manufacturer Mane decided to invest in Medellin 17 years ago mainly because of the area’s favorable “human factors” -- even “despite all the problems,” Mane general manager Alejandro Henao said here.

“It’s relatively easy to do business in Medellin -- and the local Chamber of Commerce helps a lot” in navigating the process of licenses and approvals, he added.

Because of continuing favorable economic growth, middle-class growth and rising demand here, “we have increased our production capacity here.”

However, Medellin and Antioquia need to ensure the completion of major highway and port development projects including the “Mar 1” and "Mar 2” highways to new ports on the Atlantic. More efforts also are needed to slash the growth of air pollution in the Uraba Valley where Medellin sits, he added. Declining air quality could hobble or even stop investment growth here, Henao warned.

On a related front, France-based Poma – designer, maker and installer of zero-emissions aerial tram (cable car) systems – similarly decided to bet heavily on Medellin despite its historic problems.

As a result, the world’s first public-transit aerial-tram system debuted here in 2002 -- and continues to expand in more neighborhoods, as noted by Poma Colombia director Frederic Demoulin. “We’re proud pioneers -- and history shows this has been a winning bet,” with Poma now expanding its pioneering public aerial-tram systems to Ecuador, Brazil and France, he added.

Published in Medellín Metro News Written by May 26 2017 0

The just-released report from the Colombian national “Como Vamos” (“How are we Doing?”) network of citizen surveys finds that Medellin is perceived as best among major cities for over-all quality of life, while Bogota is worst.

Published in Medellín Metro News Written by April 25 2017 0

The departmental government of Antioquia announced April 24 that the US$5.5 billion, 2.4-gigawatt “Hidroituango” hydroelectric project finally has won the first two of four power-transmission construction permits from Colombia’s environmental licensing agency (ANLA).

Published in Medellín Metro News Written by April 04 2017 0

Medellin’s world-famous “Metro” public transit system including electric rail, aerial tram, road tram, bus rapid transit (BRT) and free bicycles at Metro stations is breaking all-time records for public use – and now aims to help cut a worrisome growth in vehicle air pollution.

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Medellin Herald is a locally produced, English-language news and advisory service uniquely focused upon a more-mature audience of visitors, investors, conference and trade-show attendees, property buyers, expats, retirees, volunteers and nature lovers.

U.S. native Roberto Peckham, who founded Medellin Herald in 2015, has been residing in metro Medellin since 2005 and has traveled regularly and extensively throughout Colombia since 1981.

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