Tuesday, April 23, 2019

Become part of our community


Canada-based medical-marijuana developer PharmaCielo – whose research and operating-group headquarters are in Rionegro, Antioquia – announced April 18 a full-year 2018 net loss of US$24.4 million, worse than the US$7.6 million net loss in 2017.

“This net loss was primarily due to share-based payments of US$14.4 million,” according to the company. “These share-based expenses were incurred primarily for options granted to employees and directors who had worked for and developed the company over the years.

“Other expenses were principally due to operating expenses to continue the construction of the research technology and processing center, and to grow and harvest the plants. Additionally, operating expenses were incurred in Canada for legal, travel and other fees incurred in order to facilitate the capital raise to complete the plan of arrangement,” according to PharmaCielo.

Meanwhile, the processing facility in Colombia “is on track for commercial operation and GMP [good manufacturing practices] certification during third quarter 2019, enabling large-scale production and sale of refined cannabis oil,” according to the company.

“Currently, 10 hectares [of marijuana] are under active cultivation, expanding to 20 hectares (around 2.15 million square feet) by year-end 2019, backed by 20 proprietary registered strains and 186 strains in the company’s germplasm bank,” according to the company.

“We are expanding our cultivation and processing operations to begin commercial sales of refined cannabis oil in 2019, having already received more inbound requests for product than we are able to fulfill in the near term,” added PharmaCielo CEO David Attard.

“We are ready to sell, with sales licensing and ISO 9001 certification in place and an initial 20 proprietary strains registered for commercial production. We anticipate the completion of our first major processing expansion in second-quarter and our GMP certification in third quarter.”

On a related front, PharmaCielo last month announced that its Colombian subsidiary had received approval from the national cultivar registry for the listing of 10 proprietary cannabis strains.

“This brings the number of approved strains held by PharmaCielo to 20, following the company’s February 6, 2019 announcement of the approval of an initial 10 strains. PharmaCielo is the largest holder of approved strains in Colombia,” according to the company.

Hundreds of Pending Solicitations in Colombia

Meanwhile, according to a related April 18 report from business newspaper La Republica, Colombia’s Health Ministry and its Justice Ministry so far have processed 450 national applications to investigate, produce and/or export various types of medical marijuana extracts.

Research on the true utility, safety, efficacy and applicability of various extracts of marijuana for various medical problems is still at a relatively primitive stage, the report cautioned.

While Colombia currently enjoys 44% of the global medical-marijuana export allotments controlled and overseen by the United Nations, in actuality this allotment currently only totals the equivalent of about four-to-five hectares of marijuana production, the report noted, quoting PharmaCielo-Colombia president Federico Cock-Correa.

For profitable export marketing right now, more important than the total amounts currently allowed are the types and specific qualities of cannabis extracts produced, he added.

Medellin-based multinational electric power giant EPM revealed April 12 in a filing with Colombia’s Superfinanciera corporate oversight agency that it now estimates a COP$3.5 trillion/US$1.12 billion cost-overrun resulting from the collapse of a diversion tunnel at its “Hidroituango” hydroelectric plant in Antioquia.

“The estimated figure to date, which amounts to COP$3.5 trillion (direct cost), could vary depending on the circumstances of the recovery work,” according to EPM. While EPM has insurance for losses at the project, it's still uncertain how much of the losses will be covered.

Once EPM closed the water-intake tunnels to the damaged machine room in February 2019, inspectors were pleased to find that various parts of the machine room were unscathed, including the transformer cavern.

However, certain parts of the structures surrounding generating-sections "one" and "two" -- as well as adjacent areas intended for auxiliary services -- suffered “significant” damage when EPM was forced to divert Cauca River water through the machine room when the diversion tunnel collapsed last year, the filing reveals.

“With regard to equipment that was already assembled or in the process of assembly, it has been assessed that there is serious damage to the two 500-ton bridge cranes of the powerhouse, the 25-ton provisional bridge-crane owned by the contractor and the equipment of generation units 'one' and 'two,'” according to EPM.

“The services of air conditioning, fire system, electrical auxiliaries, lighting and others have general damage,” while the "pressure wells of pipelines 'one' and 'two' suffered significant effects, because a cavity was formed of approximately 70,000 cubic meters, which joined these two pressure wells.” EPM will have to haul-in hundreds of tons of backfill to seal that cavity.

Also, certain underground works associated with the plant haven’t yet been inspected, since remaining river water in lower parts of the machine room had yet to be evacuated as of April 12.

Meanwhile, in a separate April 11 presentation to business leaders in Barranquilla, EPM general manager Jorge Londoño de la Cuesta reported that EPM has spent more than COP$640 billion (US$205 million) in social and environmental recovery projects to help people, flora and fauna affected by temporary flooding and temporary water-flow reductions downstream of Hidroituango, including the return of “100% of families in Puerto Valdivia who have their homes outside the [earlier] flood area.”

Upon shutting the water-entry gates inside the dam last February – with the Cauca River now flowing over the engineered spillway instead -- “EPM focused on mitigating the effects on and alongside the Cauca River, with good results in terms of fish rescue, protection of the La Mojana marshes and the continuity of riparian economic activities,” according to Londoño de la Cuesta.

Besides reconstruction of the machine room, EPM also is moving to plug older diversion tunnels, as well as opening a new, intermediate discharge tunnel, along with completing works to raise the dam height to its final 435 meters above sea level.

Relatively high water flows on the Cauca River -- sometimes exceeding 2,000 cubic meters per second as is typical during rainy-season months (including this April) – are now safely evacuated over the engineered spillway, he noted.

As for pending downstream environmental issues cited by Colombia’s Attorney General in an April 10 press release, EPM said it has been and will continue to cooperate with the Attorney General and downstream communities to resolve any problems.

According to the Attorney General, an aquatic plant known as “buchon” recently has aggressively proliferated in the area of Sabanalarga, Antioquia -- probably affecting fisheries and even navigation in some Cauca River areas, he said.

While EPM recently contracted a machine to remove the plant, a bigger machine is required to keep-up with plant growth, according to the Attorney General.

Meanwhile, a former EPM asphalt plant on the road from Toledo to Puerto Valdivia, Antioquia, requires environmental cleanup of old plant residues, he said. Similarly, dam-excavation rocks and mud earlier dumped at El Higuerón between Puerto Valdivia and the hydroelectric plant need a new containment wall to prevent a possible landslide, he warned.

In response to those complaints, EPM stated that will “intensify measures established in the environmental management plan of the Hidroituango hydroelectric project” in order to resolve any outstanding issues.

Cemex Colombia revealed in an April 12 filing with Colombia’s Superfinanciera corporate oversight agency that it reached a deal with the national Procuraduría General (corporate/political disciplinary regulator) that would partially clear the way to start-up a US$420 million cement-manufacturing plant at Maceo, Antioquia.

The stalled plant has been tied-up in legal knots over allegations of improper land transfers to Cemex through a company allegedly involved in a fictitious auto-parts exporting and money-laundering scheme (see Medellin Herald 06/22/2018, 02/09/2018).

Last year, Colombia’s Attorney General (Fiscal General) brought criminal charges against Édgar Ramírez Martínez (former Cemex Colombia vice president of planning) and Camilo González Téllez (former Cemex Colombia vice president legal affairs) over the Maceo, Antioquia, cement-plant land-acquisition scandal.

The Attorney General also brought illegal-enrichment and money-laundering charges against Eugenio Correa Díaz, the legal representative of “C.I. Calizas SA,” which is alleged to have illegally sold land to Cemex for the Maceo plant.

The lands originally held by C.I. Calizas had been subject to another legal proceeding (“extinction de dominio”) over non-payment of Colombian taxes on allegedly phony exports of auto parts by former C.I. Calizas owner Jose Aldemar Moncada, who was assassinated two years ago.

According to the Attorney General, Ramirez, González and Correa “advanced negotiations to acquire several assets” of C.I. Calizas -- including lands that supposedly should have been in control of Colombia’s tax authorities because of the earlier tax-evasion charges against Moncada.

However, Cemex Colombia now reports that it just reached a “conciliatory agreement” with the Procuraduría General involving a “Special Assets Company” (SAE), CI Calizas y Minerales S.A. (CI Calizas), Cemex Colombia and its subsidiary Central de Mezclas S.A., “by means of which the signing of a mining operation contract, provision of manufacturing and dispatch services and leasing of real estate for cement production was endorsed.”

“This contract will allow Cemex Colombia to continue making use of the assets subject to the process of domain-extinction that include the rights derived from a mining concession and an environmental permit, including the land where the cement plant was built in the municipality of Maceo, along with and the assets of the Special Cement Zone of the Magdalena Medio SAS (ZOMAM), for a term of 21 years, extendable for an additional 10 years, provided that the extension of the mining concession is obtained,” according to Cemex Colombia.

Under the new contract, Cemex Colombia and Central de Mezclas would pay a rental lease and certain fees to CI Calizas and ZOMAN – but conditional on plant reopening.

“Cemex Colombia clarifies that the subscribed contract will continue in force regardless of the result of the process of extinction of ownership that currently falls on the assets of CI Calizas including ZOMAM, except that the competent criminal judge recognizes Cemex Colombia and its subsidiary having property rights for the assets in domain extinction, in which case the contract will be terminated in advance, given that Cemex Colombia and its subsidiary would be the owners of those assets and the contract to operate and administer them would no longer be required,” according to Cemex.

“The cement plant is expected to enter into operation when the requests and procedures that are being processed with the competent authorities are resolved in a positive manner, such as: (i) the partial removal of the cement plant from the ‘Integrated Canyon Management District’ of Rio Alicante; (ii) the modification of the environmental license that allows the production of at least 950,000 metric tons of cement per year; (iii) the modification of land use allowing industrial and mining use, and; (iv) the obtaining of the permits to complete the construction of several sections of the road to the cement plant,” according to Cemex Colombia.

The 13th annual “Medellin Como Vamos?” citizen survey (released April 11) finds growing concerns about air pollution, security and worsening traffic mobility, although Medellin residents haven’t changed much their over-all quality-of-life opinions between 2018 and 2017.

According to the survey of 1,514 households in all economic strata (see: https://www.medellincomovamos.org/informe-de-analisis-de-la-encuesta-de-percepcion-ciudadana-de-medellin-2018/), “the satisfaction with Medellín as a place to live [in 2018] was stable in relation to the year 2017, with eight out of ten citizens satisfied.

“The aspects that the people of Medellín ranked as priority for their own quality of life in 2018 were health (at 74%), education (at 51%) and employment (at 51%), the latter falling four percentage points below what was achieved in 2017.”

The face-to-face survey -- taken between September 21 and November 6 -- found that 45% of Medellin households considered that their economic situation was unchanged year-on-year, while another 38% said their economic situation had improved.

As for employment, 40% of Medellín residents surveyed said that it is “not easy to find a job, compared to two out of ten who considered that it is,” according to the survey conducted by Ipsos Napoleón Franco and co-sponsored by Proantioquia, Universidad Eafit, Fundación Corona, Comfama, Comfenalco, Cámara de Comercio de Medellín and daily newspaper El Colombiano.

“In 2018, the self-perception of poverty remained stable at 18% in relation to the year 2017,” according to the report.

“By zones of the city, the central-eastern and the northeastern regions had the highest self-perception of poverty with 23% and 22%, respectively, while the lowest perception was in the southeast with 5%.

“Regarding the perceived inequality in the city during 2018 in Medellin, citizens said that the aspects where there was more unequal access were well-paid employment (50%), quality health care (44%) and quality housing (42%),” according to the report.

As for public education, “the satisfaction of citizens with the education received by children and young people between five and 17 years of age was 71%, eight percentage points lower than in 2017,” the study noted.

Seventy percent of citizens said they were satisfied with cultural offerings in the city, about the same as in 2017. “On the other hand, the satisfaction with the recreational and sports offer in the city was 77%, three percentage points above what was evidenced in 2017,” according to the survey results.

While health care remains the top issue for Medellín residents, “paradoxically, quality health care was designated as the second most unequal area in Medellín, after well-paid employment,” according to the survey.

As for perceptions about security, “during 2018, 41% of the citizens of Medellin said they felt safe in the city, a figure lower than that of 2017 by six percentage points, while 25% said they felt unsafe, five percentage points higher than what was found in 2017,” according to the survey.

“Of the perception of security in their neighborhood, during 2018, 66% of citizens said they felt safe, while 13% said they felt insecure, figures similar to those of 2017.”

As for housing and public-utilities services, “satisfaction with the neighborhood was 81% and for housing it was 82%, without significant differences in any of the cases versus 2017,” according to the survey. “With regard to public services, domestic [natural] gas was the service with the highest proportion of satisfied households, at 94%,” according to the survey.

While 55% of citizens said they were generally satisfied with environmental quality, “air quality continued to be the issue with the lowest level of satisfaction, with just one in ten citizens satisfied,” according to the survey.

As for mobility, “44% of the inhabitants of Medellín considered that their habitual journeys took longer” in 2018 versus 2017, thanks to the continuing, explosive growth of motorcycles and other vehicles causing traffic congestion here, the survey noted.

AeroMexico and Interjet – both based in Mexico City – simultaneously announced April 9 the expansion of nonstop flights between Medellin and Mexico, with onward connections.

AeroMexico has been offering twice-weekly nonstop service to/from Medellin and Cancun since last November 17 -- and just decided to continue those flights beyond its earlier, original plan to end that seasonal service in April.

Meanwhile, Interjet announced that it will launch daily flights to/from Medellin and Mexico City starting June 5. The new Medellin service “will operate using Airbus A320 aircraft seating 150 passengers,” according to Interjet.

“Round trip-promotional fares between the U.S., Canada and Medellin, will start as low as US$350, taxes included. These special fares with be available for purchase until June 30, 2019 and valid for travel from June 5, 2019 through November 30, 2019,” according to Interjet.

“South America is a growing and significant market for both business and leisure travel,” added Interjet chief commercial officer Julio Gamero.

“With our expanded service, passengers to and from these destinations can now have convenient connections in Mexico City to New York City, Chicago and Dallas/Ft. Worth in the U.S., along with easy connections to Toronto and Montreal in Canada,” Gamero said.

Colombia’s national infrastructure agency (Agencia Nacional de Infraestructura, ANI) announced April 10 the completion of a 14-kilometers-long, four-lane divided highway stretch between La Pintada and Puente Iglesias -- part of the 96-kilometers-long “Pacifico 2” upgrades linking Medellin southwestward toward the Pacific.

The latest completions also include a new, two-lane bypass around La Pintada (enabling travelers heading to or from Bolombolo to avoid the knotted city center) and 15 new bridges along the route, according to ANI.

The upgrades also will ease travels from La Pintada to Támesis, Valparaíso, Jericó, Fredonia, Venecia and Puente Iglesias, ANI noted.

Thanks to the latest upgrades, “Pacífico 2 highway has now completed two of five functional units and has achieved a total progress of 65%, which is 9% ahead of schedule,” according to ANI.

The entire “Pacífico 2” project – estimated for completion around mid-2020 -- is budgeted at COP$1.6 trillion (US$517 million) including 42.5 kilometers of new roads, 2.5-kilometers of tunnel-ways (including the pioneering Tunel de Mulatos), 54 kilometers of rehabilitated roads and 43 bridges, the agency noted.

Transversal de las Américas (TdA) Update

On a related front, ANI announced April 8 that the 850-kilometers-long Transversal de las Américas (TdA) highway is now 97% complete, boosting freight-traffic efficiency between Antioquia and northern Atlantic ports.

“Among the works that will be ready this year are the new bridge over the Cimitarra River, which has an approximate length of 230 meters, as well as 30 kilometers of new road in the Cantagallo-San Pablo sector (Bolívar) and the completion of a second road in the Montería-El Quince sector (Córdoba),” according to ANI.

“With the transversal, the quality of life of the inhabitants of the regions of Magdalena, Antioquia, Córdoba, Bolívar, Sucre and Cesar improves,” the agency added.

Connecting roads along the transversal will cut travel times to Urabá, Apartadó-Carepa and Currulao-Reposo, including a new, 26-kilometers-long section built in the sector of Turbo-Chigorodó, due for completion in July, according to ANI.

The entire TdA project includes a connecting highway of 38.6 kilometers in length; another 138-kilometers-long stretch of new, two-lane road including two vehicular bridges over 200 meters in length; the 511-meters-long Talaigua Nuevo bridge; the new Cimitarra River bridge (still under construction); and rehabilitation of existing roads along the route, according to ANI.

“In addition, it is expected that, along with projects such as the Túnel del Toyo and the Autopistas al Mar 1 (Medellín-Santa Fe de Antioquia-Cañasgordas-Santa Fe de Antioquia-Bolombolo) and Mar 2 (Cañasgordas-El Tigre- Necoclí), the Transversal de las Américas will contribute to reducing travel time in the Medellín-Turbo logistics hub from seven to four hours,” according to ANI.

Aleatica SA subsidiary Autopista Rio Magdalena (ARM) announced April 8 that it has cancelled its construction contract with Obrascon Huarte Lain SA (OHL) and seeks a new contractor to complete the 155-kilometers-long, two-lane highway between Remedios (northern Antioquia) and Puerto Berrio, Antioquia.

The ARM highway eventually would connect to the "fourth-generation" (4G) "Ruta del Sol" highway (between Bogota and the Caribbean) via a new bridge across Rio Magdalena, at Puerto Berrio.

The partially completed ARM project has suffered "significant delays" allegedly because of OHL execution deficiencies, despite a COP$150 billion (US$48 million) advance payment, according to Aleatica.

Meanwhile, ARM has notified Colombia's Agencia Nacional de Infraestructura (ANI) infrastructure-development agency about the contract cancellation, as well as ARM's search for a new contractor.

So far, Aleatica has invested more than COP$600 billion (US$192 million) in the project, which aims to boost competitiveness of Antioquian industries by linking northern Antioquia to Ruta del Sol and onward to Caribbean port cities. The private ARM project doesn't receive government funding.

Aleatica, owned by 27 Australian pension funds and managed by IFM Investors, is involved in COP$17 trillion (US$5.4 billion) worth of infrastructure projects totaling more than 1,000 kilometers in length, mainly in Latin America as well as Spain, according to the company.

Medellin-based multinational concrete/cement giant Cementos Argos announced April 4 the launch of pure-electric-powered trucks for delivering cement in the Medellin metro area.

The zero-emissions transport scheme also involves “strategic partner Transportempo and the support of Renting Colombia,” the latter a subsidiary of Medellin-based international banking giant Bancolombia (see Medellin Herald 03/13/2019).

The new trucks employ 600-volt batteries for supplying power to electric drivetrains, with capacity to haul four tons of cement per trip.

“We are determined to contribute to a better air quality” around Medellin, said Cementos Argos supply-chain manager Juan Guillermo Vanegas.

“The renewal of the vehicle fleet with clean technologies is now a necessity, and the entry of electric- or natural-gas-fueled vehicles are fundamental in this purpose, as well as the implementation of collaborative schemes with other actors in the supply chain such as cargo consolidators and night deliveries that also reduce emissions significantly.

“We invite the rest of the transport companies and cargo generators to take steps in the search for similar or better solutions, likewise inviting the departmental and national governments to be promoters of laws that facilitate these changes,” added Vanegas.

Argos also boasted that at year-end 2018, it became the first company in Colombia to launch certain trucks with engines operating on 100% natural gas (instead of diesel fuel), paired with electric-powered concrete mixers. Such trucks can cut particulate matter and noise emissions compared to conventional diesel trucks, the company noted.

On a related front, following a COP$250 million (US$80,000) investment in railway upgrades, Argos launched a new railroad-transport service for part of its cement production, on the route from Sogamoso to Bogotá, carrying an average of 2,400 tons per month.

“The cargo transported by the train is equivalent to that of seven trucks with a capacity of 34 tons in a single trip. Thanks to this activity, an approximate reduction of 66 tons of carbon dioxide was achieved in 2018, corresponding to 984 [truck] trips,” according to the company.

Emvarias – the sanitation-department subsidiary of Medellin-based public-utilities giant EPM – on April 3 announced that full-year 2018 earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) rose 61% year-on-year, to COP$40 billion (US$12.7 million).

However, net income fell 41% year-on-year, to COP$4.49 billion (US$1.4 million), as interest income from its investment portfolio declined.

Debt level rose 1% year-on-year, to COP$247 billion (US$79 million), while asset values rose 25%, to COP$75.7 billion (US$24 million), according to the company, which finances its operations from internal cash flow.

Operating income rose 10.9% year-on-year, to COP$227 billion (US$72 million), mainly “thanks to the expansion of coverage in the provision of services to the municipality of Medellín, complementary services such as washing of bridges, roads and public areas, and [recycling] intervention at critical waste points,” according to Emvarias.

During the year, repeated street, park, bridge and sidewalk cleanings covered a total length of 1.5 million kilometers, partly performed by human sweepers with the remainder by street-cleaning machines, according to Emvarias.

Foreign visitors to Medellin are often quoted in news reports and blogs as being surprised at the relative cleanliness of the city (compared to Bogota and elsewhere) -- even though the Medellin metropolitan area now totals more than 3.5 million persons.

As for garbage collection, Emvarias covered 100% of Medellin via 511 daily routes last year, picking-up 662,041 tons of waste, according to the company.

As for the “La Pradera” landfill operation in suburban Barbosa, Emvarias grew from serving 25 municipalities prior to 2018, to 37 municipalities last year. These cities put a total of 1.1 million tons of waste into that landfill.

“Of those 37 municipalities, Rionegro (2.85%), Envigado (6.7%), Bello (8.95%) and Sabaneta with its transfer station (14.82%) represent 33% of the total waste entered annually in the La Pradera landfill,” according to Emvarias.

Recycling programs successfully diverted 395.4 tons of usable waste away from the landfill, as various materials went back into the productive cycle, according to the company.

Meanwhile, the La Pradera landfill continues to collect and burn waste methane, hence reducing net greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions -- since methane is far a more potent GHG than the carbon dioxide (CO2) that results from methane combustion.

The company also is a pioneer in all Colombia in collecting and decontaminating the liquid leachate from its La Pradera landfill.

“The leachate treatment plant installed in the La Pradera sanitary landfill is the only treatment system with biological reactors and ultrafiltration system (UF) in landfills in the country,” according to Emvarias.

“This technology guarantees a high percentage of removal in parameters such as chemical oxygen demand (COD), biological oxygen demand (BOD), ammoniacal nitrogen and total suspended solids (SST), among others.”

During 2018, Emvarias launched construction of the second phase of the leachate treatment plant, boosting the daily biological treatment rate and enabling greater removal of organics, according to the company.

Emvarias currently has 130 garbage trucks, of which 65 employ engines burning compressed natural gas (CNG). The remainder burn regular diesel fuel. While both types of engines produce tailpipe air pollutants, the CNG engines reduce particulate matter and noise output compared to conventional diesel engines.

Medellin-based international real-estate development fund Pactia -- administered by Fiduciaria Bancolombia – announced April 2 that its full-year 2018 revenues rose 24% year-on-year, to COP$277 billion (US$88 million).

Net income for the private-equity fund came-in at COP$126 billion (US$40 million), down from COP$132 billion (US$42 million) in 2017.

However, earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) rose to COP$130 billion (US$41 million), from COP$107 billion (US$34 million) in 2017.

“In 2018, Pactia consolidated its international presence with the start of work in Miami of an office- and rental-housing project, developed in partnership with Century Homebuilders Group, in which we will have invested close to COP$304 billion [US$97 million],” according to the company.

The fund enjoyed a 12% increase in managed-asset value last year, hitting COP$3.5 trillion (US$1.1 billion), through projects including office buildings, logistics-and-storage, commerce, hotels, self-storage and rental housing, according to Pactia.

“During 2018, Pactia invested more than COP$300 billion [US$95 million] in the development of new projects for its business lines located in Colombia, the United States and Panama,” according to the company.

Besides debuting the 221-store “Gran Plaza El Ensueño” shopping mall in Bogotá, Pactia also inaugurated the 150-room Hotel Ibis Itagüí in Antioquia, and advanced construction on the 410-room Hilton Bogotá Corferias hotel, due for opening this year.

In logistics and storage projects, Pactia advanced the development of the 30,000-square-meters Colgate Palmolive multinational distribution center in Palmira (near Cali), as well as the new “Dream Plaza” office complex in Panama, according to the company.

“The company made progress in its internationalization strategy with the start of work in Miami of ‘850 Le Jeune,’ an asset developed in partnership with Century Homebuilders Group, which will have 230 housing units and a leasable area of 19,300 square meters of offices,” according to Pactia.

For 2019, the company plans to invest a total of COP$359 billion (US$114 million) in projects that will add 39,900 square meters of leasable area to its portfolio, according to Pactia president Nicolás Jaramillo.

Page 1 of 36

NEW GUIDE "Avifauna de Colombia" (link by clicking on book)



Volunteering February 20 2017 0
As the late North American philosopher A.B. Johnson once quipped, “mighty oaks from little acorns…

About Medellin Herald

Medellin Herald is a locally produced, English-language news and advisory service uniquely focused upon a more-mature audience of visitors, investors, conference and trade-show attendees, property buyers, expats, retirees, volunteers and nature lovers.

U.S. native Roberto Peckham, who founded Medellin Herald in 2015, has been residing in metro Medellin since 2005 and has traveled regularly and extensively throughout Colombia since 1981.

Medellin Herald welcomes your editorial contributions, comments and story-idea suggestions. Send us a message using the "contact" section.

Contact US

logo def
Medellin Herald: Find news, information, reviews and opinion on business, events, conferences, congresses, education, real estate, investing, retiring and more.
  • COL (4) 386 06 27
  • USA (1) 305 517 76 35
  •  www.medellinherald.com 
  •  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 
  • Medellin, Antioquia, Colombia

Medellín Photo Galery

Medellin, contrasting colors and styles by Gabriel Buitrago